Saturday, April 30, 2011


Based on prevalence data drug abusers in Indonesia has reached 1.99% of total population or about 3.6 million inhabitants. Eighty-six percent of drug abusers are at productive age. Drug abuse prevention efforts are comprehensive. For addicts or abusers, the Act has given the rights for them to obtain medical and social rehabilitation. Currently, the National Narcotics Agency has a capacity of 500 residents rehab or drug users are located in the Lido Bogor.

In this rehabilitation center available facilities such as sports, the center of social skills through activities that stood on the land area of ​​112,000 m2.

There are stages that will be passed a new patient entry until finally declared fully recovered. Three stages are referred to the stages of Healing, Revolution and Transformation. The first stage, patients will undergo detoxification or withdrawal therapy on an ongoing basis simptomik for a month. After that, residents will undergo a primary program for 6 months. Namely with the pattern of social rehabilitation with therapeutic community (TC). Subsequently, TC programs and resosialiasi Advanced vocational therapy for 5 months. After serving 1 year program, residents still do the monitoring. If it is declared cured, it will be refunded their families each with a previously into three stages with a program called Back to family.

The method used for recovering addicts are the medical, social, therapeutic community (community-based therapy), religion, acupuncture, and hypnotherapy. Rehab is not allowed to charge for the drug abusers who seek treatment or free will

Effects Of Drugs

When the drug is used continuously or exceed predetermined dose would lead to dependence. Addiction is what will lead to physical and psychological disorders, due to the occurrence of damage to the central nervous system (CNS) and the body organs like heart, lungs, liver and kidney.

Impact of drug abuse on a person depends on the type of drugs used, the user's personality and situation or condition of the user. In general, the impact of drug addiction can be seen in the physical, psychological and social person.

Physical Impact:

1. Disturbances in the nervous system (neurological) such as seizures, hallucinations, impaired consciousness, neurological damage edge

2. Disturbances in the heart and blood vessel (cardiovascular), such as acute infection of the heart muscle, blood circulation disorders

3. Disorders of the skin (dermatological) such as: penanahan (abscess), allergies, eczema

4. Disturbances in the lungs (pulmonary) such as: suppression of respiratory function, breathing difficulties, hardening of lung tissue

5. Frequent headaches, nausea and vomiting, diarrhea, diarrhea, increased body temperature, heart and difficulty sleeping diminution

6. Impact on reproductive health is padaendokrin disorders, such as: decreased function of reproductive hormones (estrogen, progesterone, testosterone), and sexual dysfunction

7. Impact on reproductive health among girls, among others, changes in menstrual periods, menstrual irregularities, and amenorhoe (not menstruation)

8. For injecting drug users through needle, especially the use of hypodermic needles in turn, the risk is of contracting diseases like hepatitis B, C, and HIV, which until now there is no cure

9. Drug abuse can be fatal when it occurs Over Dose is drug consumption exceeds the body's ability to receive it. Over dosage can cause death

Impact of Psychic:

1. Slow work, sloppy work, often tense and restless

2. Lost self-confidence, apathy, dreamer, full of suspicion

3. Agitative, a vicious and brutal behavior

4. Difficulty concentrating, feeling upset and depressed

5. Tend to hurt themselves, feeling insecure, even suicide

Social Impact:

1. Mental disorders, anti-social and immoral, ostracized by the neighborhood

2. Nuisance and a burden family

3. Education becomes disturbed, the future bleak

Impact of physical, psychological and social are closely connected. Physical dependence will result in tremendous pain (withdrawal) when going off medication (not taking medication at the time) and the psychological boost a very strong desire to consume (language gaulnya sugest). Physical and psychological Gejata is also related to social phenomena such as the urge to lie to parents, stealing, hot-tempered, manipulative, etc...
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